Pico Island Vineyards

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Annetasita
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Pico Island Vineyards

Beitrag von Annetasita » 02 Apr 2008 14:39

Die Vineyards liegen an der Westküste Picos zwischen Sao Caetano und Santa Luzia (falls ihr schon eine Pico Karte habt…), also im Prinzip im Gebiet um Madalena herum.
Hier ein Auszug aus einer Info-Broschüre:

From the extensive and wide-ranging lava fields appear one that has been considered a remarkable and unique sample of landscape, which best represents the culture of the Pico Island. There, vineyards emerge from square-shaped walls built over the rocks (mostly formed by Pico Mountain volcano), planted in cracks, openings and re-entrances on the basaltic layers. The reticulated field of loose rocks (called by the locals “currais” or “curraletas” - rockstalls) allows a greenhouse atmosphere to be maintained, with the heat that basalt stores druing the day being released during night time. In fact, the peculiarity of the rocks nature, together with weather and geologic conditions of the island are the base for the high-quality wines produced in the region. Mainly following green-wine casts ‘standards’ (“verdelho”), the wine of Pico reaches the four corners of the world, playing therefore a major role in the economy and commercial developement of Pico and Faial islands.

Together with the vineyard culture, a diverse patrimony was built: a large number of manorhouses, convents and chapels, cellars and storehouses, barrel sliders, ports and quays, among other structures, that reflect the way of living of a population commited to the hard work of vine growing. The lava fields where vineyards grow are associated with basaltic eruptions mostly of Hawaiian-type, fluid and effusive. The extruded lava flows display a regular, flatten and smooth surface of the pahoehoe type, which is named by the locals as “lajes” or “lajidos”. These lajidos, besides the tracks sunk by passage of the wheels of the bulls-cart, display several structures typical of the basaltic volcanism, as ropy pahoehoe lavas, pressure ridges, tumuli, lava tunnels and lava tree moulds.

In other cases, the vineyards grow on a aa-type basaltic lava flows, with a rough, irregular, sharpy and spiny surface, which are named by the locals “biscoitos” lands. The cultural heritage of this protected landscape is associated to a diverse natural patrimony, with habitats of greatest importance, including endemic species of the fauna and flora, some of them rare and under a special statute of preservation. In the coastal areas, some of the endemic species stand out: Azorina vidalli, Corema azorica, Spergularia azorica, Festuca petraea and Euphorbia azorica. In the coastal bushes the Erica scoparia ssp. Azorica (Azorean heather), Myrica faya (Firetree) and Picconia azorica are the most outstanding.
In this protected area several land-bird species can be observed, such as the Columba pallumbus azorica (Woodpigeon of the Azores), Turdus merula azorensis (Azorean blackbird) and the Buteo buteo rothschildi (Common buzzard), all sub-endemic species.
Moreover, one can see seabirds like the Calonectris diomedea borealis (Cory’s shearwater) and the only endemic mammal of the Azores, the Nyctalus azoreum bat, which is also the only endemic bat in Portugal.

In order to maintain the natural, cultural and landscape values of the Pico’s vineyards, it was created in 1996 the “Protected Landscape of Regional Interest of the Vineyard Culture at Pico Island”, with a total of 3078 ha. In 2004, the most representative area of this Protected Landscape (a total of 987 ha, surrounded by dead boundaries with a total of 1924 ha) was classified as World’s Heritage from UNESCO.

Und hier noch 2 weblinks...

UNESCO: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1117/

Instituto Portugês do Património Arquitectónico: http://www.ippar.pt/english/patrimonio/ ... /pico.html

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