Charter for the Mediterranean Sea, Pula, May 2013

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Charter for the Mediterranean Sea, Pula, May 2013

Beitrag von mare-mundi Redaktion » 23 Mai 2013 19:33

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Charter for the Mediterranean Sea, Pula, May 2013

Our sea – our concern
Charter for the Mediterranean Sea, signed on 23 May 2013 in Pula by 20 marine scientists

Based on our decades-long experience as marine scientists in the Mediterranean Sea, the signatories of this Charter conclude that the ecological problems of the Mediterranean – termed mare nostrum (our sea) more than 2000 years ago – are more acute than ever. We confirm that, despite the publication of countless scientific studies and the signing of many international agreements, most of the necessary conservation measures have been insufficiently implemented or largely ignored.
The list of well-known threats such as crude oil, heavy metals, pesticides, eutrophication, overfishing and habitat destruction has been enlarged by a series of newly recognized problems including plastic litter, noise, ocean acidification, the introduction of alien species and climate change. All of these act simultaneously to compound the damage, with unpredictable overall effects. These range from threats to individual species to the collapse of entire habitats.
This problem has been more than amply documented; there is no need for new studies or costly conferences to develop new strategies, re-define existing problems or re-hash well-known solutions. The time has come to implement the existing agreements.
Despite the negative trends and pervasive ecological deterioration, the current status of many Mediterranean regions would enable protective measures to have immediate positive, meaningful effects. From the coastline to the open sea and down to the greatest depths, every implementation of existing obligations would improve ecosystem health and improve the quality of life and economic prosperity in all range states.

The undersigned scientists call on the EU and all responsible national and international agencies and institutions to comply with and implement without delay the existing strategies and action plans for the Mediterranean.
Currently, only a few percent of the Mediterranean’s surface area have received protection status. Beyond rigorously adhering to agreed conservation measures, we call for rapidly establishing a network of small-scale, more easily implementable protected areas. As most marine species have a high dispersion potential, the positive effect of this approach would go beyond the protected areas’ borders. Experience worldwide shows that both the fishing industry and tourism profit from such measures.
A responsible future development of tourism cannot be achieved at the expense of the remaining natural habitats. The sustainable economic success and ecological integrity of the Mediterranean range states is at stake.
The sea is heavily affected by plastic wastes and their decomposition into toxic microplastics, a process which affects the entire marine food web. This must be countered by reducing plastic wastes, by technological innovation, stepped-up recycling and a rapid switch to more easily degradable materials.
The research, public relations and education sectors must redirect their efforts at raising public awareness and promoting individual responsibility. We call on all citizens to fully exercise their personal responsibility and to actively engage these issues in their sphere of influence.
The participating marine scientists sign this charter in the conviction that the above goals can be realistically achieved and will contribute significantly to protecting the Mediterranean habitats and their biodiversity. This would clearly benefit the wellbeing of all and enable more harmonious multiple uses of our unique Mediterranean ecosystem.


Dipl. Biol. Bastian Brenzinger
BSc. Johannes Salvenmoser
Dr. Stefphan Koblmüller
Doz. Dr. Michael Stachowitsch
Dr. Daniel Abed-Navandi
Dr. Reinhard Kikinger

Stud. Alexander Heidenbauer
Prof. Vladimir Miljević
Mag. Clemens Stecher
Dipl. Biol. Kerstin Blassnig
Dr. Horst Moosleitner
Univ. Prof. Dr. Robert Patzner
Dr. Peter Dworschak
Dr. Hubert Blatterer
MMag. Ivo Gallmetzer
Stud. Maximilian Wagner

Univ. Prof. Dr. Christian Sturmbauer
Dr. Armin Svoboda
Stud. Ruth Fraissler
Mag. Alexandra Haselmair
Dipl. Biol. Tessa Böttcher
MSc. Janina Goetz

Dr. Carsten Müller
Dr. Robert Hofrichter
Mag. Gerwin Gretschel

GERMAN VERSION: :arrow: https://mare-mundi.eu/forum/view ... 571#p21571


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